Section 37 CrPC: Public Assistance to Magistrates and Police in India


Section 37 CrPC: Public Assistance to Magistrates and Police in India

1. Code

Section 37 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPC) deals with the provision of public assistance to Magistrates and Police.

2. Explanation

This section mandates that any person present at the scene of a crime or during any lawful apprehension or arrest, is legally bound to assist the Magistrate or Police officer in carrying out their duty. This assistance can be in the form of:

  • Providing information about the crime or the offender.
  • Aiding in the apprehension or arrest of the offender.
  • Protecting the victim or witness from further harm.
  • Securing evidence related to the crime.
  • Preventing the escape of the offender.

Failure to provide such assistance, without sufficient reason, can be considered an offense punishable by law.

3. Illustration

Imagine a scenario where a robbery is taking place in a crowded market. A Magistrate or Police officer arrives at the scene and requests assistance from the public in apprehending the robber. According to Section 37, individuals present are obligated to assist the officer by:

  • Providing information about the robber’s identity or direction of escape.
  • Helping to detain the robber.
  • Protecting the victim from further harm.
  • Securing any evidence, such as stolen goods or weapons, left behind.

4. Common Questions and Answers

Q: Is a person legally obligated to assist the Police in every situation?

A: No, a person is only obligated to assist the Police in situations where a crime is being committed, or a lawful apprehension or arrest is being made.

Q: What happens if a person refuses to provide assistance?

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A: Refusal to provide assistance without a valid reason can be considered an offense, and the individual may face legal consequences.

Q: Is there any protection for individuals who offer assistance?

A: While there is no specific legal protection for individuals offering assistance, the law does acknowledge the importance of public cooperation in crime prevention and control.


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