Section 94 CrPC: Search of Place Suspected to Contain Stolen Property or Forged Documents

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Section 94 CrPC: Search of Place Suspected to Contain Stolen Property or Forged Documents

1. State the Code:

Section 94 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPC) deals with the search of a place suspected to contain stolen property or forged documents.

2. Explain It:

This section empowers a police officer, not below the rank of Sub-Inspector, to search any place where he has reason to believe that stolen property or forged documents are concealed. This search can be conducted with or without a warrant depending on the circumstances.

  • Without Warrant: The officer can search without a warrant if he has reason to believe that the delay in obtaining a warrant would defeat the purpose of the search.
  • With Warrant: A warrant is required if the officer believes that the delay in obtaining a warrant would not defeat the purpose of the search. This warrant is issued by a Magistrate.

The officer must record the reasons for the search and the property seized in a written form. The property seized is then presented before the Magistrate.

3. Illustrate It:

Imagine a police officer receives information that stolen jewelry is being hidden in a particular house. The officer can, under Section 94, search the house without a warrant, as obtaining a warrant could take time and the suspect might dispose of the jewelry. If the officer doesn’t have immediate reason to believe the jewelry is being hidden, he can apply to a Magistrate for a warrant to search the house.

4. Common Questions and Answers:

Q: Who can conduct a search under Section 94?
A: A police officer not below the rank of Sub-Inspector can conduct a search under this section.

Also Read  Section 135 CrPC: Obey or Show Cause Order - Code of Criminal Procedure

Q: When is a warrant required for a search?
A: A warrant is required if the delay in obtaining a warrant would not defeat the purpose of the search.

Q: What happens to the property seized during the search?
A: The property seized is presented before the Magistrate.

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