Section 476 CrPC: Forms & Procedures – Code of Criminal Procedure

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Section 476 CrPC: Forms & Procedures – Code of Criminal Procedure

1. State the code

Section 476 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) deals with the powers of a Magistrate to take cognizance of offences on the basis of a complaint from a court or tribunal.

2. Explain it

This section empowers a Magistrate to initiate criminal proceedings if a court or tribunal finds that a person has committed an offence while conducting its proceedings. This typically arises when there is evidence suggesting perjury, fabrication of evidence, or other criminal acts committed during the course of a legal process.

Here’s a breakdown:

  • Court or Tribunal: This refers to any court or tribunal established by law.
  • Cognizance: This means taking note of an offence and initiating an investigation.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the court or tribunal detailing the alleged offence.
  • Magistrate: The designated judicial officer who has the authority to take cognizance of the complaint.

3. Illustrate it

Imagine a civil case where a witness is found to have lied under oath. The court, recognizing this as perjury, can send a complaint to the Magistrate under Section 476 CrPC. The Magistrate then examines the complaint and can proceed to investigate the perjury case.

4. Common Questions and Answers

  • Q: What happens after a Magistrate takes cognizance?
    A: The Magistrate will investigate the matter and, if enough evidence is found, proceed with the trial against the accused person.
  • Q: Can a Magistrate refuse to take cognizance?
    A: Yes, if the Magistrate finds that the complaint is frivolous or lacks sufficient evidence, they can refuse to take cognizance.
  • Q: What are the implications of an offence under Section 476 CrPC?
    A: Depending on the nature of the offence (e.g., perjury, fabricating evidence), the accused person could face various punishments, including imprisonment and fines.
Also Read  Section 182 CrPC: Offences Committed by Letters, etc. - Code of Criminal Procedure
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