Section 301 CrPC: Appearance by Public Prosecutors in India

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Section 301 CrPC: Appearance by Public Prosecutors in India

1. State the Code

Section 301 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPC) deals with the appearance of Public Prosecutors in criminal proceedings.

2. Explanation

This section mandates the appearance of Public Prosecutors in all criminal proceedings before a Magistrate or a Court. The Public Prosecutor is responsible for representing the state and ensuring that justice is served in criminal matters.

Key aspects of Section 301:

  • Duty to appear: The Public Prosecutor is legally obligated to appear in all criminal cases.
  • Representation of the State: The Public Prosecutor acts on behalf of the state and conducts the prosecution in criminal cases.
  • Exception: The Public Prosecutor can be excused from appearing if the Court deems it unnecessary.

3. Illustration

Consider a case where a person is accused of theft. The Public Prosecutor, representing the state, will appear in court to present evidence against the accused, argue the case, and seek a conviction if the evidence supports it.

4. Common Questions & Answers

Q: Who can be appointed as a Public Prosecutor?

A: The Public Prosecutor is typically appointed by the state government, and they must be a qualified lawyer.

Q: Can a Public Prosecutor be replaced during a trial?

A: Yes, the Public Prosecutor can be replaced if necessary, but this requires the Court’s approval.

Q: What happens if the Public Prosecutor is absent?

A: The Court can either adjourn the proceedings or appoint another lawyer to represent the state.

Also Read  CrPC Section 157: Investigation Procedure - Explained
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