Section 14 CrPC: Local Jurisdiction of Judicial Magistrates – India’s Code of Criminal Procedure

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Section 14 CrPC: Local Jurisdiction of Judicial Magistrates

This section of India’s Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) deals with the territorial jurisdiction of Judicial Magistrates in criminal cases.

Explanation:

Section 14 CrPC outlines the areas where a Judicial Magistrate has the authority to hear and decide criminal cases. This jurisdiction is determined by the geographical location where the offence is alleged to have been committed.

The key points of the section are:

  • Jurisdiction based on the place of occurrence: A Judicial Magistrate has jurisdiction over any offence committed within the local limits of their jurisdiction.
  • Exceptions: There are specific exceptions where the Magistrate can exercise jurisdiction even if the offence occurred outside their territory, such as when the accused is found within their jurisdiction or if the offence is connected to a previous offence committed within their jurisdiction.
  • Types of Judicial Magistrates: The section applies to all types of Judicial Magistrates, including First Class, Second Class, and Special Judicial Magistrates.

Illustration:

Suppose a person commits theft in Delhi, and the accused is apprehended in Mumbai. In this case, a Judicial Magistrate in Mumbai can exercise jurisdiction over the case because the accused is found within their jurisdiction.

Common Questions and Answers:

  • Q: What happens if an offence is committed in multiple jurisdictions?

    A: The Magistrate of the jurisdiction where the major portion of the offence was committed will generally have jurisdiction.

  • Q: Can a Magistrate transfer a case to another jurisdiction?

    A: Yes, under certain circumstances, a Magistrate can transfer a case to another jurisdiction if it is deemed necessary in the interests of justice.

  • Q: What is the role of the High Court in determining jurisdiction?

    A: The High Court can also decide jurisdiction disputes between Magistrates of different jurisdictions.

Also Read  Section 144 CrPC: Urgent Orders for Nuisance or Apprehended Danger
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