CrPC Section 45: Protection from Arrest for Armed Forces Members

Facebook
Twitter
LinkedIn
Pinterest
WhatsApp

CrPC Section 45: Protection from Arrest for Armed Forces Members

1. The Code:

Section 45 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPC) states:

“No person subject to the Army Act, 1950, the Navy Act, 1950, or the Air Force Act, 1950, shall be arrested in execution of any warrant issued by any court, unless the officer in command of the unit to which he is attached consents to his arrest.”

2. Explanation:

This section provides protection from arrest to members of the armed forces. It requires that before an arrest warrant issued by a court can be executed on a member of the armed forces, the officer in command of the unit to which the member belongs must consent to the arrest. This provision aims to ensure the smooth functioning and discipline of the armed forces and to avoid disruption of their duties.

3. Illustration:

Imagine a soldier stationed at a remote location is accused of a crime. A court issues a warrant for his arrest. However, the soldier’s unit is on high alert, and his absence could compromise their operations. In this case, the police officer holding the warrant will have to contact the soldier’s commanding officer and seek their consent for the arrest. The commanding officer, considering the operational needs and the seriousness of the alleged crime, may decide to grant or withhold their consent.

4. Common Questions and Answers:

Q: Who is protected under Section 45?

A: This section applies to all persons subject to the Army Act, 1950, the Navy Act, 1950, or the Air Force Act, 1950, meaning all members of the Indian armed forces, including officers and enlisted personnel.

Also Read  Section 255 CrPC: Acquittal or Conviction - Code of Criminal Procedure

Q: Can an officer in command refuse consent for arrest?

A: Yes. The officer in command has the discretion to refuse consent, especially if the arrest would hinder the performance of the armed forces’ duties.

Q: Is this a complete immunity from arrest?

A: No. Section 45 simply requires consent from the officer in command. If consent is granted, the arrest can proceed. It doesn’t mean the accused cannot be arrested.

Facebook
Twitter
LinkedIn
Pinterest
WhatsApp

Never miss any important news. Subscribe to our newsletter.

Leave Your Comment

Recent News

Editor's Pick

Apni_Law_Logo_Black

Get Legal Assistance Today!

Fill out the form below to book a consultation with one of our experienced lawyers.

We’ll get back to you promptly to assist with your legal needs.