CrPC Section 31: Sentence for Multiple Offences Convicted at One Trial

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CrPC Section 31: Sentence for Multiple Offences Convicted at One Trial

1. Code:

Section 31 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPC)

2. Explanation:

This section outlines the process of sentencing when an individual is convicted of multiple offences in a single trial. It states that the court, in its discretion, can impose separate sentences for each offence or a single cumulative sentence for all offences. The court must consider the nature and gravity of each offence, the circumstances of the case, and the overall fairness to the accused when determining the appropriate sentence.

3. Illustration:

Imagine a person is convicted of both theft and assault during the same trial. The judge can choose to:

  • Impose a separate sentence for the theft and another for the assault.
  • Combine the sentences into one cumulative sentence that encompasses both offences.

The judge will consider the severity of each crime, the accused’s criminal history, and other relevant factors to decide the most appropriate course of action.

4. Common Questions and Answers:

Q: Can the court impose a life sentence for multiple offences?
A: Yes, if the cumulative sentence for all offences warrants a life sentence, the court can impose it.

Q: What happens if the court imposes separate sentences for multiple offences?
A: The accused will serve the sentences consecutively, meaning one after the other.

Q: Does the court always have to impose a sentence?
A: No. The court has the power to acquit the accused, impose a fine, or impose a sentence of imprisonment depending on the specific circumstances of the case.

Also Read  CrPC Section 263: Record in Summary Trials - Code of Criminal Procedure
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