CrPC Section 274: Record in Summons-Cases and Inquiries – Detailed Explanation


CrPC Section 274: Record in Summons-Cases and Inquiries

This section of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) deals with the recording of proceedings in summons cases and inquiries.

1. Code

Section 274: Record in summons-cases and inquiries

In every summons-case and inquiry, the Magistrate shall record, in writing, a brief account of the substance of the evidence adduced by each witness, and of the arguments advanced by the parties, but need not record the evidence verbatim, unless he thinks it necessary or desirable to do so.

2. Explanation

  • Summons Cases: These are cases where the accused is summoned to appear before the court, rather than being arrested.
  • Inquiries: These are investigations conducted by the Magistrate to determine whether there is sufficient evidence to proceed with a trial.
  • Recording: The Magistrate is required to maintain a written record of the proceedings, which includes a summary of the evidence and arguments. This record is important for ensuring transparency and accountability.
  • Verbatim Recording: The Magistrate is not required to record the evidence verbatim unless deemed necessary or desirable. This allows for a more concise record while still capturing the essential points of the proceedings.

3. Illustration

Imagine a case where a person is accused of theft by way of a summons case. During the trial, the witness testifies about seeing the accused stealing the item. The Magistrate would record the substance of the witness’s testimony, including the details of the theft, but wouldn’t necessarily record the entire conversation verbatim.

4. Common Questions and Answers

  • Q: What is the purpose of recording the proceedings?
  • A: The record serves as a permanent account of the case, ensuring transparency, accountability, and allowing for review if needed.
  • Q: When is it necessary to record evidence verbatim?
  • A: It is necessary when the evidence is complex, contradictory, or when the Magistrate deems it important for future reference.
  • Q: Can the accused access the record?
  • A: Yes, the accused has the right to access the record and can use it to prepare their defense.
Also Read  Section 246 CrPC: Procedure When Accused is Not Discharged

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