Section 215 CrPC: Effect of Errors in Criminal Procedure – Explained

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Section 215 CrPC: Effect of Errors in Criminal Procedure – Explained

1. State the Code

Section 215 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPC) deals with the effect of errors, omissions, and irregularities in criminal proceedings.

2. Explanation

This section provides that no finding, sentence, or order passed by a Magistrate or a Court shall be reversed or altered on appeal, revision, or otherwise, merely on the ground of any error, omission, or irregularity in the proceedings, if such error, omission, or irregularity did not occasion a failure of justice.

In essence, the section emphasizes that technicalities should not outweigh the substance of justice.

3. Illustration

  • Scenario: A Magistrate fails to record the exact time of an accused’s arrest, but all other procedural requirements are met. The accused is convicted based on sufficient evidence.
  • Application: Section 215 CrPC would likely apply because the error in recording the arrest time does not affect the fairness of the trial or the conviction.
  • Outcome: The conviction is unlikely to be overturned based on this technical error.

4. Common Questions and Answers

Q: When does Section 215 CrPC apply?

A: It applies when there is an error, omission, or irregularity in the proceedings, but it did not cause a failure of justice.

Q: What constitutes a “failure of justice”?

A: This is a matter of judicial interpretation, but it generally refers to situations where the error, omission, or irregularity prejudiced the accused’s right to a fair trial or affected the outcome of the case.

Q: Are there exceptions to Section 215 CrPC?

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A: Yes, the section states that it will not apply if the error, omission, or irregularity has occasioned a failure of justice. In such cases, the Court may reverse or alter the finding, sentence, or order.

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