Section 165 CrPC: Police Search Warrant – Code of Criminal Procedure

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Section 165 CrPC: Police Search Warrant

This section of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) deals with the issuance of search warrants by police officers.

1. The Code

Section 165 CrPC states that a police officer, not below the rank of Sub-Inspector, may apply to a Magistrate for a search warrant if he has reason to believe that any person within the Magistrate’s jurisdiction has in his possession or control anything that:

  • May be required as evidence of an offence which is being investigated
  • Is intended to be used for the commission of an offence
  • Is the proceeds of crime
  • Is the instrument of an offence

2. Explanation

This section provides the legal framework for police to obtain search warrants to enter a premises and search for evidence related to a crime. The officer needs to provide a reasonable belief that the item exists and is relevant to the investigation.

3. Illustration

Imagine a police officer is investigating a theft. They have information that the stolen goods might be hidden in a specific house. The officer can apply to a Magistrate for a search warrant to enter the house and search for the stolen goods. The Magistrate will review the application and, if satisfied, issue the warrant.

4. Common Questions and Answers

Q: Who can apply for a search warrant under Section 165 CrPC?

A: A police officer not below the rank of Sub-Inspector can apply.

Q: What must the police officer prove to obtain a search warrant?

A: The officer must provide a reasonable belief that the item they are searching for exists and is relevant to the investigation.

Also Read  Section 422 CrPC: Effect of Warrant - Code of Criminal Procedure

Q: What happens if the police officer enters a premises without a valid search warrant?

A: This is considered illegal and any evidence found may be inadmissible in court.

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