CrPC Section 265G: Finality of Judgment – Explained

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CrPC Section 265G: Finality of Judgment – Explained

1. Code

Section 265G of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPC) deals with the finality of judgments in criminal cases.

2. Explanation

This section states that a judgment passed by a competent court, after it has been pronounced, is final and binding on all parties involved in the case. This means that the judgment cannot be altered, reversed, or modified by any other court, unless there is a valid ground for appeal or revision.

The finality of a judgment is essential for the effective administration of justice. It ensures:

  • Certainty and stability in legal proceedings.
  • An end to litigation.
  • Respect for the authority of courts.

3. Illustration

Imagine a case where A is accused of theft and is found guilty by a Magistrate Court. This judgment is final and binding on A. A cannot simply approach another court and ask them to change the judgment. However, A can appeal the judgment to a higher court if there are valid grounds for doing so.

4. Common Questions and Answers

  • Q: Does Section 265G mean that a judgment cannot be appealed?

    A: No, it simply means that the judgment is final until a higher court reviews it on appeal.
  • Q: What are some valid grounds for appeal?

    A: Some grounds include errors of law, procedural irregularities, or newly discovered evidence.
  • Q: Can the court modify its own judgment after it has been pronounced?

    A: Yes, in certain limited circumstances, a court can modify its own judgment. However, this can only be done before the judgment is signed and recorded.
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