CrPC Section 168: Subordinate Police Officer’s Investigation Report


CrPC Section 168: Subordinate Police Officer’s Investigation Report

1. Code:

Section 168 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPC)

2. Explanation:

This section deals with the investigation report submitted by a subordinate police officer to the Magistrate. It outlines the procedure for submitting the report and the subsequent actions by the Magistrate.

Key Points:

  • The subordinate police officer must submit the investigation report in writing to the Magistrate.
  • The report should include all relevant details of the investigation, including the evidence collected and the conclusions drawn.
  • The Magistrate has the power to examine the report and may direct further investigation or take any other necessary action.

3. Illustration:

Imagine a case where a robbery has been reported. The investigating officer, a Sub-Inspector, conducts the investigation and gathers evidence. After completing the investigation, the Sub-Inspector prepares a detailed report outlining the findings, including witness statements, recovered property, and suspects identified. This report is submitted to the Magistrate under Section 168.

The Magistrate reviews the report and may decide to:

  • Accept the report and proceed with the trial.
  • Direct further investigation on specific aspects of the case.
  • Dismiss the case if there is insufficient evidence.

4. Common Questions and Answers:

Q: What are the essential contents of the investigation report?


  • Details of the case, including the date, time, and place of the incident.
  • Statements of witnesses and suspects.
  • Evidence collected, including physical evidence, documents, and photographs.
  • The investigation conducted, including the steps taken to gather evidence.
  • Conclusions drawn from the investigation.

Q: Can the Magistrate reject the report?

A: The Magistrate can reject the report if they believe it is incomplete, inaccurate, or does not justify further action.

Also Read  CrPC Section 265E: Disposal of Cases - Code of Criminal Procedure

Q: What if the Magistrate orders further investigation?

A: The investigating officer must then conduct further investigation as directed by the Magistrate and submit a revised report.


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