Indian Penal Code: Title and Extent of Operation

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Indian Penal Code: Title and Extent of Operation

The Indian Penal Code (IPC), formally known as “The Indian Penal Code, 1860,” is a comprehensive criminal law statute that defines offenses and lays down punishments for them. It extends its application throughout the territory of India, including the states and union territories.

1. State the Code

The code’s full title is “The Indian Penal Code, 1860” and it is codified as Act 45 of 1860.

2. Explain It

The title “Title and Extent of Operation” refers to the geographical and temporal scope of the Indian Penal Code. This section essentially states that:

  • The code applies to all persons within the territory of India, regardless of their nationality or origin.
  • It applies to all offenses committed within India, regardless of whether the offender or the victim is an Indian citizen.
  • The code came into effect on 1st January, 1862, and continues to be in force.

3. Illustrate It

  • Example 1: A foreign national commits theft in India. The IPC applies to this offense, as the crime occurred within Indian territory.
  • Example 2: An Indian citizen commits murder in another country. The IPC does not apply to this offense, as it was committed outside Indian territory.

4. Common Questions and Answers

Q: Does the IPC apply to offenses committed by Indian citizens outside India?

A: No, the IPC only applies to offenses committed within India.

Q: Can the IPC be amended?

A: Yes, the IPC can be amended by the Indian Parliament. Several amendments have been made to the code over the years to reflect changes in society and law.

Also Read  IPC 171E: Punishment for Bribery in India
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