CrPC Section 392: Procedure for Equally Divided Judges in Appeal Courts

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CrPC Section 392: Procedure for Equally Divided Judges in Appeal Courts

1. Code:

Section 392 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973

2. Explanation:

Section 392 of the CrPC deals with the scenario where the judges of an appeal court are equally divided on their verdict.
It dictates the procedure to be followed in such cases.

In the event of an equal division of opinion among the judges of an appeal court, the following occurs:

  • The matter is referred back to the lower court for a fresh trial.
  • The opinion of the lower court shall stand as the final decision in the case.

This procedure ensures that the case is not left in a state of uncertainty and that a final decision is reached.

3. Illustration:

Suppose a High Court is hearing an appeal against a lower court’s decision. There are two judges on the bench. Both judges have differing opinions on the case.
In this situation, Section 392 of the CrPC would apply.

The case would be referred back to the lower court for a fresh trial. The decision of the lower court in this new trial would then be final.

4. Common Questions and Answers:

Q: What if the judges are equally divided on a question of law?
A: In such a scenario, the matter would be referred back to the lower court for a fresh trial. The decision of the lower court would then be final.

Q: What if the lower court has already given its decision, and the judges are equally divided on the appeal?
A: In this case, the decision of the lower court would stand as final.

Also Read  CrPC Section 388: High Court Order on Appeal Certification to Lower Court

Q: Is there any provision for the judges to try and reach a consensus after the initial division of opinion?
A: Section 392 doesn’t specifically mention any provisions for reaching a consensus. However, it is common practice for judges to attempt to reconcile their differences before reaching a final decision.

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