CrPC Section 364: Judgment Translation Requirements – India Law

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CrPC Section 364: Judgment Translation Requirements

This section of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) in India deals with the translation of judgments in criminal cases.

1. Code Statement

Section 364: When a judgment is given in any language other than the language of the Court, the judgment shall be translated into the language of the Court.

2. Explanation

This section ensures that all parties involved in a criminal case, including the accused, understand the judgment delivered by the court. It mandates the translation of the judgment if it’s given in a language different from the court’s official language. This ensures fairness and accessibility of justice.

The translation is typically done by an authorized translator, and the translated version is considered an official part of the judgment.

3. Illustration

Imagine a case where the trial was conducted in Hindi, but the judgment is delivered in English. In this scenario, Section 364 requires the judgment to be translated into Hindi before it can be considered final. This ensures the accused, who may only understand Hindi, understands the verdict and its consequences.

4. Common Questions and Answers

Q: Who is responsible for getting the judgment translated?

A: Typically, the court itself is responsible for arranging the translation.

Q: What happens if the judgment is not translated?

A: A judgment not translated into the language of the court may be considered invalid or incomplete. It may also be subject to legal challenges.

Q: What if the accused doesn’t understand the language of the translated judgment?

A: The accused has the right to request further explanation or assistance in understanding the translated judgment.

Also Read  CrPC Section 462: Proceedings in Wrong Place - Explained
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