CrPC Section 183: Offence Committed During Journey or Voyage

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CrPC Section 183: Offence Committed During Journey or Voyage

1. Code

Section 183 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPC) deals with the
jurisdiction of courts in cases where an offence is committed during a journey or
voyage.

2. Explanation

This section specifies that when an offence is committed on a journey or
voyage, the court having jurisdiction over the place where the journey or
voyage commenced or where it terminated, or where the accused person is found,
can try the case. This means that the court does not necessarily need to
have jurisdiction over the exact location where the offence took place.

For instance, if a crime occurs on a train travelling from Delhi to Mumbai,
the court in either Delhi or Mumbai could try the case. Similarly, if the
accused is found in Kolkata after committing the crime during the journey,
the Kolkata court can also assume jurisdiction.

3. Illustration

Imagine a passenger on a flight from Bangalore to Chennai assaults another
passenger during the flight. In this case, the court in Bangalore, Chennai,
or any other location where the accused is found, can try the case.

4. Common Questions and Answers

  • Q: What constitutes a “journey” or “voyage” for the purpose of
    this section?


    A: This refers to any travel by land, water, or air,
    including journeys by train, bus, ship, airplane, etc.
  • Q: What happens if the offence is committed in international
    waters or airspace?


    A: In such cases, the jurisdiction may be determined
    by international law and treaties.
  • Q: Can the accused choose which court they want to be tried
    in?


    A: No, the choice of the court lies with the
    prosecution.
Also Read  CrPC Section 65: Procedure for Service When Previous Methods Fail
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