IPC Section 109: Punishment for Abetment When Act Committed


Indian Penal Code – Section 109: Punishment for Abetment When Act Committed

1. Code

Section 109 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) states:
“Whoever abets any offence shall, if the act abetted is committed in consequence of the abetment, be punished with the punishment provided for the offence.”

2. Explanation

Section 109 deals with the punishment for abetment when the abetted act is actually committed. Abetment is the act of encouraging, aiding, or instigating another person to commit a crime. This section clarifies that if an individual abets an offence and the offence is subsequently committed, the individual who abetted the crime will be punished with the same punishment as the person who committed the crime.

3. Illustration

Suppose A instigates B to commit murder. B, influenced by A’s instigation, kills C. In this case, A has abetted the murder of C, and under Section 109, A will be punished with the same punishment as B, who actually committed the murder.

4. Common Questions and Answers

What constitutes abetment?
A: Abetment can occur in various ways, including instigating, aiding, and encouraging the commission of an offence. For example, providing information that helps commit the offence, supplying weapons or tools, or simply encouraging the offender verbally can be considered abetment.

What if the act is not committed?
A: If the abetted act is not committed, then Section 109 does not apply. However, the individual may still be punished under other sections of the IPC related to attempt or conspiracy.

What is the difference between abetment and conspiracy?
A: While both abetment and conspiracy involve encouraging a crime, abetment focuses on aiding or instigating the actual commission of the crime. Conspiracy, on the other hand, involves an agreement to commit a crime, which may or may not lead to the crime being committed.

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