Section 39 CrPC: Public’s Duty to Report Certain Offences – Indian Criminal Procedure Code

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Section 39 CrPC: Public’s Duty to Report Certain Offences

This section of the Indian Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) outlines the responsibility of citizens to report specific offenses to the authorities.

1. State the Code

Section 39 CrPC states:

“Every person shall give information to the police officer of any offence which he knows to have been committed.”

2. Explanation

  • This section imposes a legal obligation on every individual to inform the police about any crime they become aware of.
  • It covers all types of offenses, from minor offenses to serious crimes.
  • The information must be given to a police officer, either directly or through another person.

3. Illustration

Consider a situation where a person witnesses a theft. They are legally bound to report the incident to the police. Failure to do so could result in legal repercussions.

4. Common Questions and Answers

Q: What happens if I don’t report a crime?

A: Failing to report a crime is an offense under Section 176 of the CrPC. You could face a fine or imprisonment.

Q: What if I’m afraid to report a crime?

A: You can contact the police anonymously or through a third party. Your safety is a priority, and you should not hesitate to seek help.

Q: Can I be forced to give evidence against the person who committed the crime?

A: While you have a legal duty to report the crime, you can choose whether or not to testify against the accused. The police will respect your decision.

Also Read  Section 164 CrPC: Recording Confessions & Statements - Indian Criminal Procedure Code
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